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Изучаете русский язык? / Studying Russian?

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  • Изучаете русский язык? / Studying Russian?

    Если вы только изучаете русский язык и хотели бы задать вопрос носителю языка, спрашивайте меня в этой теме. Я постараюсь ответить.


    If you are just studying Russian and would like to ask a native speaker a question, ask me in this thread. I'll do my best to answer.

  • #2
    One thing I have noticed about Russian in general is the way it appears when written in the Cyrillic alphabet vs the way it sounds when spoken. To someone who is just discovering a language like this, there appears to be a missing link as far as being able to read what you are hearing at the same time. So my question is how best to train your brain to see it the way you hear it even though it is written in Cyrillic. Do you have tips and suggestions?

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    • #3
      Russian is quasi phonetical. Of course we mess up the vowels when they are not under stress - o becomes a and e becomes i, so you have to remember the spelling of those words, and kids - our own Russian kids - have a lot of problems with that at school. Also, when a consonant is at the end of the word and not followed by a vowel, similar transitions happen, d to t, b to p, etc... But these are just a few rather simple rules, and if you compare it to the way the pronunciation of English words at times disagrees with their spelling and becomes unpredictable, you'll see that Russian is actually very easy to read. Except you never know where the stress is going to be and have to look it up every time. And there is the letter Ё. You can always find it in the children's books, but in the books for adults it is traditionally replaced with Е, since we believe that by the time people reach adulthood, they know which is which, and their mind will automatically substitute the Ё if necessary. So it does, but for an L2 learner it's certainly an issue.

      It might help to read a book and listen to the corresponding audiobook at the same time - that's one of the methods that world-famous polyglots recommend for every language. Thus the connections between written words and their sound will form in your brain, and soon you will have no more problem.

      Of course, Russian stresses are a real treat. The word замок, for example, means castle if you stress the first syllable and lock if you stress the second, so it's easy to be misunderstood if you forget about it. But, luckily, there aren't many such words.
      Last edited by Irina Ponomareva; 12-09-2017, 05:29 AM.

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      • #4
        "Zamok" is interesting - the German word Schloß means, I believe, both lock and castle! Same pronunciation in both cases, I think.

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        • #5
          Oops. I just ran my last post past my wife who corrected me - the German word for key is Schlüßel - apparently related but a different word. Sorry for the mistake!

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